Showing 6 ideas for tag "SingleCellOmics"

The Human Placenta Project

Basic Research Premeeting Discussion Summary - L Myatt & Y Sadovsky

Key Achievements/Breakthroughs

• Development of trophoblast and decidual organoids

• Induced pluripotent stem cells

• Introduction of single cell and spatial technology to probe placental biology

• Appreciation of the roles of extracellular vesicles and the development of tools to probe their mechanism of action and function

• Advances in "omics" technologies and integration of "omic" data

• Emergence of microfluidic... more »

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The Human Placenta Project

Cervical trophoblast: A proxy of placental health and function in early pregnancy

There is a clear gap in our ability to investigate the placenta and pregnancy risk in the first trimester of pregnancy on a cellular level.

It is well established that protein expression is different in placental cells of pregnancies that developed placental disorders including severe preeclampsia (PE). This idea exploits the fact that the placenta naturally sheds hundreds of trophoblast cells into the cervical canal... more »

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The Human Placenta Project

Nothing makes sense except in the light of evolution

Like all biological structures, the placenta is the outcome of a historical evolutionary process. Thus, in order to understand the development, structure, and (dys)function of the placenta we must reconstruct the developmental evolutionary history of the maternal-fetal interface. The NICHD Human Placenta Project covers a wide breadth of research topics, but a noticeable gap is the lack of evolutionary studies that explicitly... more »

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The Human Placenta Project

Placental cell units and integrated funtions

Understanding the placenta from the cell unit constitution and the detailed cell diversity using new tools such as single cell approaches. The complexity of placental functions as a result of the integrated interaction between all trophoblasts subtypes, there is a big gap on the knowledge regarding the exact placental cellular diversity and individual functions (functional nodes). What we know so far and which are the... more »

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The Human Placenta Project

Genetic variants and placental function

Our research group in the NIDDK Intramural Research Program has investigated the risk of APOL1 genetic variants in many types of kidney diseases, including focal segmental nephrosclerosis, HIV-associated nephropathy, and hypertension-attributed kidney disease. Together, these disease account for much of the excess chronic kidney disease risk among African-Americans.

We are accumulating evidence that APOL1 risk variants... more »

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The Human Placenta Project

Single cell and placental research

I am the Principal Investigator of new birth cohort study that is currently being planned and will be implemented in Nigeria. We plan to collect biological samples including placental tissue. We will appreciate insight from investigators in the field about how single cell research will advance scientific investigation of the placenta within the context of developmental origin of health and diseases. This will enable know... more »

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