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If you were walking down the street what race do you think strangers would automatically assume you are based on what you look like? For the purpose of this question please mark only one box. My street race question is necessary for documenting and rectifying racial discrimination and redistributing resources. Disaggregation is not enough. Intersectional inquiry is necessary to document and rectify complex inequities. Do Black Latina, White Latina, Brown Latinx with college degrees experience that same birth outcomes or experiences with housing discrimination and mortgage lending? It is important to underscore the importance of intersectionality as inquiry and practice, can elucidate complex social inequalities within Latinx communities and beyond:

"We caution that 'Latino/Latina' as a social construct must be problematized, that is complicated by differences in national origin, citizenship, race, class, and ethnicity and by the confluence of these fac-tors. An intersectional approach acknowledges these differences and seeks to reveal and understand how they shape social experience (Baca Zinn and Zambrana 2018:678)."

Most importantly, Baca Zinn and Zambrana urge us to understand the terms Latina/Latino as terms of im-plicit solidarity that embraces differences across and within the heterogeneity of this community.  Rigorous and equitable census as well as any administrative data collection would center those at the margin and educate the general public about the difference between self-identified race (narrative of identity) and street race  (master social status and relational positionality in a racially stratified society based on the social meanings ascribed to a conglomeration of your physical characteristics, including skin color, facial features and hair texture) that is the basis of racialization and racial discrimination: 1.) Hispanic origin (mark all that apply), 2.) racial self-identity (mark all that apply); 3.) street race (mark only one). See López et al., 2017; Vargas et al., 2019 for Street Race Question employed in national survey of over 1,400 Latinxs):


Baca Zinn, Maxine, and Ruth E. Zambrana. 2019. Chicanas/Latinas advance intersectional thought and practice. Gender and Society 33(5):677-701.

López, Nancy. 2003. Hopeful Girls, Troubled Boys: Race and Gender Disparity in Urban Education. New York: Routledge.

López, Nancy. 2013a. Contextualizing Lived Race-Gender and the Racialized Gendered Social Determinants of Health in Mapping "Race": Critical Approaches to Health Disparities Research, edited by Laura Gómez and Nancy López. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, Pp. 179-211.

López, Nancy. 2013b. Killing Two Birds with One Stone? Why We Need Two Separate Questions on Race and Ethnicity on the 2020 Census and Beyond. Latino Studies Journal 11(3):428-438.

López, Nancy. 2014. What's Your "Street Race-Gender"? Why We Need Separate Questions on Hispanic Origin and Race for the 2020 Census. RWJF Human Capital Blog. November 26, RWJF Blog,

López, Nancy. 2017. Why the 2020 Census Should Keep Longstanding Separate Questions About Hispanic Origin and Race. Scholars Strategy Network.

López, Nancy. 2018. "The US Census Bureau Keeps Confusing Race and Ethnicity," The Conversation, Febru-ary 28:

López, Nancy. 2019. "Working the Cracks" in Academia and Beyond: Cultivating "Race" and Social Justice Convergence Spaces, Networks, and Liberation Capital for Social Transformation in the Neoliberal Univer-sity. In M. C. Whitaker and E. A. Grollman, editors, Counternarratives from Women of Color Academics: Bravery, Vulnerability, and Resistance, New York: Routledge, pp. 33-42.

López, Nancy. 2021. What is Street Race? Race and Social Justice Expert Explains. YouTube Video, 2 minutes, March 2nd,

López, Nancy, Edward Vargas, Melina Juarez, Lisa Cacari-Stone, and Sonia Bettez. 2017. What's Your "Street Race"? Leveraging Multidimensional Measures of Race and Intersectionality for Examining Physical and Mental Health Status Among Latinxs. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity 4(1):49-66.

Saenz, Rogelio, and Maria Cristina Morales. 2015. Latinos in the U.S.: Diversity and Change. New York: Policy Press.


Presentation (40 min) I gave on the urgency of intersectionality for equity-based policy making where I share some of that preliminary data at the National Association for Diversity Officer in Higher Education.

March 11 Can Intersectional Analysis of graduation - YouTube

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Video: 2020 Data Working Group Proposal, NM Gov Advisory Racial Justice Council Recommendations (8 minutes) Dr. Nancy López presenting:

Data Workgroup Proposal Presentation - YouTube

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Here's my 2 min video clip on street race:

What is "Street Race"? Race and Social Justice Expert explains - YouTube

What's your street race? If you were walking down the street what race do you think strangers would assume you are based on what you look like? The beauty of...

Nancy López PhD

1. What obstacles impede advancing health disparities research for NICHD populations?

Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Guidelines may need to be revisited in terms of the state of the art of scholarship and research on race and ethnicity, intersectionality and social inequities. Currently the guidelines appear to conflate geographic origins and race which has a corporeal, visual component that is often the basis of discrimination.

2.What innovative or novel approaches to research could be leveraged to mitigate health disparities in NICHD populations?

Street race measure is a rigorous measurement for measuring experiences with discrimination and mapping inequities. Data collection on personal racial identity is not enough. We also need data on how you believe others perceive your race.

3. What are the best opportunities to broaden community engagement in the research process?

Create a campaign around debunking myth of race as biology. Also need to clarify the consequences of colorblind racism (e.g., marking no race box means we have less data to make visible any inequities that need to be rectified).

4. What are some examples of community engagement models to strengthen health disparities research efforts (such as models for partnerships, collaboration)?

New Mexico Race, Gender, Class Data Policy Consortium as a community of practice anchored in intersectionality. See López, Nancy, Michael O'Donnell, Carmela Roybal, Lucas Pedraza, and Jeffrey Mitchell. 2019. "Cultivating Intersectional Communities of Practice: A Case Study of the New Mexico Statewide Race, Gender, Class Data Policy Consortium As a Convergence Space for Co-Creating Intersectional Inquiry, Ontologies, Data Collection and Social Justice Praxis," in Intersectionality and Policy Handbook. Olena Hankivsky and Julia Jordan-Zachery, editors. Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 215-243.

5. What resources (e.g., tools, technology, human capital) are needed to advance the field of health disparities research for NICHD populations?

Need to include intersectional analysis and antiracism in all degree programs/accreditation processes.




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